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Massive Arch Linux Install Guide

This is my own personal guide I refer to when I'm installing Arch with the KDE Plasma 5 desktop. It is too lengthy to post all at once, so I will keep adding new info sequentially. I'm posting this in the hope it will help Arch newbies, (which I am still myself). I am far from an Arch expert, but I'm sure some of the tips may be of assistance to newbies. I am older so I find it helps to record my install steps so I don't forget them. Please excuse the caps as my vision isn't that great anymore either.

INSTALL CORRECT USER SUDO PERMISSIONS - (substitute your username for htpc in all commands)

SU to root: as root# cp /etc/sudoers /etc/sudoers.bak as root# export VISUAL=nano open the sudoers file with nano
as root# EDITOR=nano visudo
or simply "visudo" if the visual environment has been set to nano:
as root# visudo

User privilege specification

add htpc to sudoers list

root ALL=(ALL) ALL htpc ALL=(ALL) ALL
VERY IMPORTANT: AS ROOT EDITOR=nano visudo (reopen sudoers file again to confirm file was modified correctly) visudo does not warn if incorrect syntax was used, it simply does not save the modifications. remove htpc from wheel group: redundent

;sudo gpasswd -d htpc wheel

INSTALL KDESU

Install kdesu command: (graphical frontend for the su command)
sudo pacman -S kdesu
Update your Arch install sudo pacman -Syu

AUTOLOGIN WORKING SETUP - ARCH LINUX KDE MINIMAL INSTALL

install: sddm
install process for autologin:
make a backup of /etc/sddm.conf
sudo cp /etc/sddm.conf /etc/sddmconf.bak
edit /etc/sddm.conf - review and alter each relevant line:
sudo nano -w /etc/sddm.conf
edit to refect all changes in sddm.conf backup file (many lines require editing).
or simply overwrite sddm.conf with the modified copy.
[Autologin] User=htpc Session=plasma.desktop

Install user folders:

sudo pacman -S xdg-user-dirs sudo xdg-user-dirs-update

BACKUP GRUB CONFIG FILES & RESTORE IF PROBLEMS ARISE AFTER UPDATING OR EDITING GRUB

cp /ussbin/grub-mkconfig /ussbin/grub-mkconfig.backup cp /etc/default/grub /etc/default/grub.backup cp -r /etc/grub.d /etc/grub.d.backup cp /boot/grub/grub.cfg /boot/grub/grub.cfg.backup
cp -f /ussbin/grub-mkconfig.backup /ussbin/grub-mkconfig cp -f /etc/default/grub.backup /etc/default/grub cp -rf /etc/grub.d.backup /etc/grub.d cp -f boot/grub/grub.cfg.backup boot/grub/grub.cfg
IF A RESTORE WAS PERFORMED, UPDATE GRUB AFTERWARDS:

sudo grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg

Install Linux LTS Kernal As A Fallback

pacaur -S linux-lts
==> WARNING: Possibly missing firmware for module: wd719x ==> WARNING: Possibly missing firmware for module: aic94xx
Searching suggests these errors can be ignored.
sudo grub-mkconfig
sudo grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg

FIX USB ISSUES ON AFFECTED GIGABYTE MOBO's

FIX USB ISSUES - GIGABYTE 970A-D3P MOBO

BIOS Version FC BIOS Date 06/01/2015 BIOS ID 8A02BG0A

WORKING SOUTION - FIX FOR DISABLED REAR USB PORTS & USB INITIALIZATION ERRORS

BACKUP GRUB CONFIG FILES AS OUTLINED ABOVE BEFORE EDITING ANY GRUB FILES
restart the computer and press delete to enter the uefi BIOS
plug your usb mouse, thumbdrive, and keyboard, (I was using a non USB KB fortunately), in the usb 2 ports.
Ensure IOMMU is enabled, XHCI handoff is enabled, EHCI handoff is disabled, USB Legacy support is enabled
save changes, and exit the BIOS
Then boot into Arch:
The wireless trackball would not work on any of the USB ports upon bootup. Fortunately I had KB function, as it was not a USB Keyboard.
press Alt++F2 to start Krunner
in the Krunner window input : yakuake
in the yakuake terminal enter the following command:
sudo nano /etc/default/grub
Edit the empty quotes in this line to read: GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX="iommu=soft"
save the changes to grub.config (Ctrl+o + enter) and exit nano (Ctrl+x ).
save the modified grub config, by running the following command in terminal:
sudo grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg
then shut down the computer with this terminal command:
shutdown -h now
Restart the computer, press delete to get back into the uefi BIOS
Disable "iommu" in the bios, and restart.
all usb, 2.0 & 3.0 ports should work now.

EDIT PACMAN.CONF - ADD AUR & MULTILIB REPOSITORIES

Install pacaur to access the AUR
backup /etc/pacman.conf
sudo cp /etc/pacman.conf /etc/pacmanconf.bak
edit /etc/pacman.conf manually, or use the easy method further below:
sudo nano /etc/pacman.conf add to bottom of file:
[archlinuxfr] SigLevel = Never Server = http://repo.archlinux.f$arch
go to next step (enable multilib)
Before saving file enable multilib, by uncommenting the multilib entry
save file in nano - ctrl+o "enter" - ctrl+x

INSTALL REFECTOR & SYNC FASTEST MIRRORS:

sudo pacman -S reflector make a backup of /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist sudo cp /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist.bak

rate and sort the most recently synchronized mirrors by download speed, and overwrite the file /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist:

SYNC 50 FASTEST MIRRORS WITH REFLECTOR- favorite mirrorupdate command:

sudo reflector --verbose -l 50 -p http --sort rate --save /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist

Other Reflector Sync Options:

sudo reflector --verbose --latest 5 --sort rate --save /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist
Select the 200 most recently synchronized HTTP or HTTPS mirrors, sort them by download speed, and overwrite the file /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist:
sudo reflector --latest 200 --protocol http --protocol https --sort rate --save /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist
Select the HTTPS mirrors synchronized within the last 12 hours and located in the US, sort them by download speed, and overwrite the file /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist: sudo reflector --country 'United States' --age 12 --protocol https --sort rate --save /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist

INSTALL REFLECTOR-TIMER - SYNC & AUTO-UPDATE FASTEST MIRRORS:

install and configure reflector-timer, to do weekly mirror list updates. See reflector Arch Wiki for full info.
pacaur -S reflector-timer (AUR) - A service and timer for the reflector mirrorlist upgrade.
The configuration files are located:
/usshare/reflector-timereflector.conf /home/htpc/.cache/pacaureflector-timereflector.conf
Contents in this file should be options of reflector. This way you have the total control over how reflector will be run.
For example:
--country China --country 'United States' --sort rate --save /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist
Run reflector --help to see available options. Usage

enable timer

sudo systemctl enable reflector.timer

disable timer

sudo systemctl disable reflector.timer

update mirrorlist immediately

sudo systemctl start reflector.service

INSTALL PACAUR - (SAME COMMAND SYNTAX AS PACMAN)

PACAUR USAGE - INSTALL ONLY - (pacaur -S)

DO NOT USE FOR UNINSTALLING PROGRAMS - (pacman -R package_to_remove)

sudo pacman -S pacaur
pacaur -Syua update AUR database
pacaur -Syu update pacman database & install all program updates

COMMANDS FOR INSTALLING WITH PACMAN - (SUB PACAUR AND SOME WORK FOR AUR AS WELL)

Always run pacman as ROOT:
sudo pacman -U http://www.example.com/repo/example.pkg.tar.xz (install a foreign 'remote' package)
sudo pacman -U /package_path/package_name.pkg.tar.xz (Install a downloaded or a local package)
sudo pacman -R package_name (remove a package)
sudo pacman -Sy (sync the pacman database)
sudo pacman -Syy (force sync the pacman database)
sudo pacman -Syu (sync cache, and upgrade the system)
sudo pacman -Syyu (force sync the pacman database, and update the system)
Important Options:
--needed
If you select a package that has already been installed in your system, you may use '--needed' , otherwise this package will be reinstalled, even if it is already up to date.
--noconfirm
Bypass any and all “Are you sure?” messages. It’s not a good idea to do this unless you want to run pacman from a script.
--confirm
Cancels the effects of a previous --noconfirm.

COMMANDS FOR UNINSTALLING WITH PACMAN - (SUB PACAUR AND SOME WORK FOR AUR AS WELL)

sudo pacman -R package_name remove a package
sudo pacman -Rn package_name remove a package and its configuration files
sudo pacman -Rs package_name only remove those dependencies that are not needed by other packages
sudo pacman -Rdd package_name force removal of a package
sudo pacman -Rcn package_name removal of the package+deps
sudo pacman -Rcns for removal of the package+deps+deep deps (be very careful)
sudo pacman -Qdt list all orphans.
sudo pacman -Rsn $(pacman -Qdtq) remove all orphans
pacman -Sc delete older packages that are no longer installed.
sudo pacman -Scc to delete all cached packages.

MISC PACMAN & PACAUR RELATED COMMANDS :

sudo pactree -s package-name find all associated package dependencies (no AUR).
sudo pacman -Sw package_name download a package without installation to the cache folder
sudo pacman -Qu list packages that are out of date.
pacaur -Sc (instead of pacman -Sc) this will then extend cache cleaning into the AUR clone directory.
ls /vacache/pacman/pkg | grep package-name search packages downloaded with pacman stored in /vacache/pacman/pkg
expac -S '%%n: %D' package-name find all required package dependencies
sudo pacman -Qii package-name lists all required and optional dependencies (one of the best commands)
sudo pacman -Qo package-name list package that owns a particular file
sudo pacman -Qi package-name look in "Required By" field for package dependencies
sudo pacman -Qqen > pkglist.txt create a list in ~ of native installed packages (no aur) without version info
sudo pacman -Qqe > pkglist.txt create a list in ~ of all installed packages (incl aur) without version info
sudo pacman -S - < pkglist.txt auto reinstall all native packages (no aur) from the package backup list.
pacman -Si package_name provides detailed summary of a package
whoneeds package_name list all packages recursively depending on an installed package, use whoneeds from pkgtools AUR

AUR - SPECIFIC COMMANDS

SEARCH THE AUR: pacaur -Ss --aur package-name | grep package-name
Examples: pacaur -Ss --aur kde-services | grep kde-services pacaur -Ss --aur tvheadend | grep tvheadend
pacman -Qem List all installed packages from the AUR

Install Multimedia/Compatibility Codecs & CD & DVD Authoring Support

pacaur -S gst-plugins-base gst-plugins-good gst-plugins-ugly gst-plugins-bad --needed --noconfirm (should already be installed)
pacaur -S gstreamer0.10-bad-plugins gstreamer0.10-base gstreamer0.10-base-plugins gstreamer0.10-good gstreamer0.10-good-plugins gstreamer0.10-ugly gstreamer0.10-ugly-plugins qt4-gstreamer qt5-gstreamer --needed (conflicting dependencies: if first group is already installed)
IF ALL ELSE FAILS, & SOME OBSCURE CODECS WILL NOT PLAY:
Install full MPlayer binary codecs as an ultimate solution.
They can also be found in the "codecs" AUR and "codecs64" AUR packages. pacaur -S codecs --needed pacaur -S codecs64 --needed
pacaur -S a52dec cdrdao cdparanoia cdrkit dvd+rw-tools dcadec dvdauthor dvgrab exfat-utils fuse-exfat faac faad2 flac flashplugin gst-libav jasper lame libao libbluray libcdaudio libcdio-paranoia libcdr libdca libdvdcss libdvdread libdvdnav libdv libmad libmatroska libmediainfo libmpeg2 libtheora libvorbis libxv media-player-info mencoder mkvtoolnix-cli mkvtoolnix-gui transcode wavpack x264 x265 xvidcore --needed

Install True Type & Other Font Support

pacaur -S ttf-bitstream-vera ttf-inconsolata ttf-ubuntu-font-family ttf-dejavu ttf-freefont ttf-linux-libertine ttf-liberation opendesktop-fonts freetype2 lib32-freetype2 fontconfig cairo --needed --noconfirm
pacaur -S ttf-ms-fonts ttf-monaco ttf-noto ttf-vista-fonts --needed
FONTS RECOMMENDED FOR THE CONSOLE:
pacaur -S terminus-font --needed non ttf pacaur -S dina-font --needed non ttf pacaur -S adobe-source-code-pro-fonts adobe-source-sans-pro-fonts adobe-source-serif-pro-fonts --needed ttf fonts

Install File Utilities:

pacaur -S ark cpio isomd5sum lzop p7zip tar zip unzip unrar unarj unace zlib zziplib --needed --noconfirm

Install Printer Support -

pacaur -S cups cups-pdf foomatic-db-engine foomatic-db-nonfree foomatic-filters ghostscript gsfonts gutenprint lib32-libcups libpaper print-manager system-config-printer --needed
pacaur -S simple-scan Do not install , unless using a MFP that requires scanner support
Printer support for different brands :
pacaur -S hplip Drivers for HP DeskJet, OfficeJet, Photosmart, Business Inkjet and some LaserJet pacaur -S splix CUPS drivers for some of the SPL (Samsung Printer Language) printers pacaur -S samsung-unified-driver-common (AUR) - samsung unified printer & scanner drivers pacaur -S samsung-unified-driver-printer (AUR) - samsung unified printer & scanner drivers pacaur -S samsung-unified-driver (AUR) - samsung unified printer & scanner drivers pacaur -S epson-inkjet-printer-escpr (AUR) - epson-inkjet-printer drivers
then enable (one line at a time)…
sudo systemctl enable org.cups.cupsd.service sudo systemctl enable cups-browsed.service sudo systemctl start org.cups.cupsd.service sudo systemctl start cups-browsed.service

Set Up Static Ip Address: Best Method For Sharing Printers And Drives

Sometimes Network Manager will not save static info. If that happens, install nm-connection-editor to setup a static IP. pacaur -S nm-connection-editor run in krunner (alt+f2) nm-connection-editor ====> ipv4 ===> manual connection settings paste the following into nm-connection-editor & save: Choose a static address appropriate for your network: Static IP Address: 192.168.0.101 or 192.168.0.102 ,103, etc etc Netmask: 255.255.255.0 Gateway: 192.168.0.1 DNS server: 8.8.8.8 Search Domains: 8.8.4.4

INSTALL SAMBA

pacaur -S samba --needed
Copy the example smb.conf file, (or a preconfiguered backup copy) to /etc/samba/smb.conf:
sudo cp /etc/samba/smb.conf.default /etc/samba/smb.conf
edit configuration options, (if not already saved in a preconfigured backup file).

sudo systemctl enable smbd nmbd

sudo systemctl start smbd nmbd

sudo systemctl restart smbd nmbd Restart the service to apply any new changes.

sudo systemctl status smbd nmbd

sudo cp /etc/samba/smb.conf ~/.smb Backup smb.conf)

;sudo smbpasswd -a htpc DO NOT USE

(deprecated - use pdbedit command instead)

Configure & install the samba user & password, (current revised password install command).

sudo pdbedit -a -u htpc (substitute your username for htpc in all commands)

INSTALL OTHER NETWORKING COMPONENTS

pacaur -S kdenetwork-filesharing --needed (add windows style samba gui configuration plugin)
pacaur -S samba-mounter-git --needed (AUR) - adds network folders to dolphin with automount at login
pacaur -S smb4k --needed (smb4k samba configurator+samba-mounter-git for full samba support)
pacaur -S nm-connection-editor --needed (configure a network static ip)
pacaur -S cifs-utils --needed The in-kernel CIFS filesystem for mounting SMB/CIFS shares

CREATE A SAMBASHARE GROUP - (optional)

"Usershare" is a feature that gives non-root users the capability to add, modify, and delete their own share definitions in the GUI.
This creates the usershare directory in /valib/samba:

mkdir -p /valib/samba/usershare

This creates the group sambashare:

groupadd -r sambashare

This changes the owner of the directory to root and the group to sambashare:

chown root:sambashare /valib/samba/usershare

This changes the permissions of the usershare directory so that users in the group sambashare can read, write and execute files:

chmod 1770 /valib/samba/usershare

Set the following parameters in the smb.conf configuration file:
/etc/samba/smb.conf
[global] usershare path = /valib/samba/usershare usershare max shares = 100 usershare allow guests = yes usershare owner only = yes (I have changed this to no, from the arch recommendation of yes)
Add your user to the sambashare group. Replace your_username with the name of your user:

gpasswd sambashare -a htpc

Restart smbd.service and nmbd.service services.
sudo systemctl restart smbd nmbd
Log out and log back in. You should now be able to configure your samba share using GUI. For example, in Dolphin you can right click on any directory and share it on the network. If you want to share paths inside your home directory you must make it listable for the group others.
I believe it is also best practice to add the "sambashare" group to the ownership of any shared directories created for shares mounted though fstab. sudo mkdir /media/shares sudo chown rootc:sambashare /media/shares

sudo chmod 770 /media/shares

sudo cp /etc/samba/smb.conf ~/smb..conf

sudo pdbedit -a -u htpc

SMB.CONF

Configure smb.conf to add your shares

If you are using a firewall, do not forget to open required ports (usually 137-139 + 445).

Reduce the delay time to access SMB shared drives through Dolphin, (not mounted through fstab).

Solution: delete /etc/krb5.conf, or simply delete the contents of krb5.conf.

MOUNT 3TB NTFS DRIVE AS A REMOTE SHARE WITH THE FOLLOWING FSTAB ENTRY:

//192.168.0.101/3tbWin /media/shares cifs rw,username=htpc,password=sysadmin,iocharset=utf8,uid=1000,vers=3.0 0 0

requires "vers=3.0" option, without the "-o" argument in front to work.

Install OpenJDK & OpenJRE (or Sun Java) on Archlinux

install the version of java you wish to be the default first
pacaur -S jre8-openjdk jre8-openjdk-headless jdk8-openjdk
pacaur -S jre7-openjdk jre7-openjdk-headless jdk7-openjdk

pacaur -S jdk 8u131-1 (if alternate sun/oracle java 8 install is desired as well)

to find out your default java version:
archlinux-java status
if the default Java environment is already set to 'java-7-openjdk' it can be changed
See examples below to change the default Java version:
to change default to java-8-openjdk:
sudo archlinux-java set java-8-openjdk
to change default to sun/oracle java-8:
sudo archlinux-java set java-8-jdk
install tt font support forjava:
sudo nano -w /etc/environment
add the following line to /etc/environment:
export _JAVA_OPTIONS='-Dawt.useSystemAAFontSettings=on -Dswing.aatext=true'

To be continued
submitted by _big_guy to archlinux [link] [comments]

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